There are many contenders in the market of web-based email clients, few distinguish themselves as much as Roundcube . Although I harbor within myself a profound loathing for any product whose sole star feature is the fact that it uses AJAX, Roundcube has done a great job of using it in such a way that truly streamlines performance and also makes setup a breeze. A similar product by AfterLogic called "MailBee" also markets itself on its AJAX mechanisms however is in my opinion quite a let down in both performance and usability for the 199$ basic edition price tag. Zimbra webmail is also AJAX based however requires at least 1 GB available memory just for the development installation , production requires in upwards of 2GB.
The only issue I found with Roundcube was the performance factor. Here I have gathered together and outlined several tips that helped me get the most out of this webmail suite.
Note to ISPConfig Users: I found that it was best to install roundcube manually and create a manual virtual hosts entry. Otherwise, the database will not be properly configured and virtusertable will not properly be used. Resulting in an inability to save identity information effectively
Assuming you are installing Roundcube on a different machine as the webserver.
$rcmail_config['enable_caching'] = TRUE;
$rcmail_config['skip_deleted'] = FALSE;
Otherwise it would be best to leave caching off, caching stores all emails in the DB - is best for few accounts and those having difficulty with IMAP connections. - by MarcB
2. Caching Images
Although I haven't personally tried this, here is a patch to place in your images/.htaccess to speed up the loading of images - by seansean
--- roundcubemail/skins/default/images/.htaccess (revision 0)
+++ roundcubemail/skins/default/images/.htaccess (revision 0)
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+### activate mod_expires
+### Expire .gif's 1 day from when they're accessed
+ExpiresByType image/gif A86400
+ExpiresByType image/png A86400
\ No newline at end of file
Although I can't remember where I heard this, but its been said that you can convert the png's to gif files and then save them in gif format as PNG's. Doesn't sound right, but apparently leads to huge speed improvements by bypassing PNG loading
3. Code Optimization
There is a client side optimization and a server side optimization. For the server side , you would use an opcode cache - there is a tutorial for xCache and a tutorial for APC on Ubuntu. If you decide to install APC from source I will say that if you have php5 to run phpize5 instead of phpize and pass php-config5 instead of php-config to ./configure for a modest performance boost.
You can run from the webmail root
grep -R "app.js" .
to find all references to app.js, likewise with common.js
in program/include/main.inc change the lines
And finally find all references to googiespell.js using the same command as above and comment them out as it has now been included in common.compressed.js
4. Optimize Apache
If you are running apache, you may want to optimize your server configuration, and also a2enmod (enable the modules) mod_deflate and mod_cache.
5. Optimize your Mail Domain Setup
This got me. Even with all the above modifications , I was still getting 50 seconds to login. I eventually figured it out though, I had given RC the address of my mail server - and I wondered why I couldn't just say localhost to skip name resolution. Then it hit me. Name Resolution. Please ensure that in your /etc/hosts (c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts) that along with
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain www.mydomain.com
That there is also an entry for whatever mail server you are accessing with RC.
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain www.mydomain.com mail.mydomain.com
Upon changing that, the login time went from 50.35 seconds to 1.7 seconds